|1. NATIONAL MONUMENT TO OUR FOREFATHERS
National Monument to the Forefathers stands on the summit of Monument Hill. The heroic
figure of Faith pointing to heaven, her foot on Plymouth Rock, surmounts a massive granite
pedestal. Below are seated Liberty with Peace flourishing under her protection and Tyranny
overthrown by her power Law is attended by Justice and Mercy. Education has Wisdom on one
side and Youth led by Experience on the other. Morality, between a Prophet and an
Evangelist, holds the Commandments in her left hand and the scroll of Revelation in her
Below the seated figures, four marble alto-reliefs recall significant episodes in
Pilgrim History: the Departure from Holland, the Signing of the Compact, the Landing at
Plymouth and the Treaty with Massasoit.
The Monument was designed by the Boston artist Hammatt Billings and is 81 feet high.
The Pilgrim Society laid the cornerstone in 1859 and finally dedicated the finished
monument in August, 1889. The total cost for this tribute to the "memory of the
virtues, the enterprise, and the unparalleled sufferings of their ancestors" was over
$150,000 and came from the Federal Government, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, the
State of Connecticut and 11,000 individuals.
The National Monument to the Forefathers is owned by the Pilgrim Society.
A historic bronze statue by Cyrus Dallin(1 861-1944) stands near the Sarcophagus. It
was erected in 1921 by the Improved Order of Red Men in honor of Massasoit, sachem of the
Wampanoags, whose friendship was an important factor in the survival and development of
the Pilgrim Colony.
3. PILGRIM MAIDEN
A bronze statue of a young woman sculpted by H.H. Kitson stands at the
edge of a pool. It was presented to the town by the National Society of New England Women.
It is inscribed: To those intrepid English women whose courage, fortitude and
devotion brought a new nation into being, this statue of the Pilgrim Maiden is dedicated.
4. THE PILGRIM MOTHER
The granite figure of a Pilgrim woman, which has come to be known as The Pilgrim
Mother, stands on the waterfront in a landscaped enclosure near Plymouth Rock. The
sculptor was Paul 0. Jennewein.
On the shaft of the fountain that flows behind the Statue are listed the names of the
women of the Mayflower in whose memory the National Society, Daughters of the
American Revolution gave the statue. The inscription reads; They brought up their
families in sturdy virtue and a living faith in God without which nations perish.
5. JENNY GRIST MILL
The first Pilgrim Grist Mill was constructed by John Jenny in 1636 and was in
continuous operation until destroyed by fire in 1847. The Jenny Grist Mill reconstruction
was accomplished in 1970, and operates with the same water powered technology used over
300 years ago. Daily milling produces a fresh supply of cornmeal, wheat and rye flours
which are available for purchase along with scrimshaw, scented candles, unique country
gifts, baskets, decoys, jams and jellies. Admission is free and it is open 6 days a week,
closed sunset Friday to sunset Saturday.
All material and photographs on this page are courtesy of The
These materials are copyrighted and cannot be copied or duplicated without permission of
The Pilgrim Society. To visit the Pilgrim Hall Museum web site at www.pilgrimhall.org
please click here